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Pieter (Jop) WOLTJER

Postdoc Economic History – University of Groningen

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Manufacturing

Dataset: The Yankees of Europe?

This dataset provides detailed census-level data for Manufacturing in the US, Germany and Great Britain for selected years between 1899 and 1939. It covers output, horsepower, employment and efficiency at the 2-, 3- and 4-digit industry level. It also  Continue reading “Dataset: The Yankees of Europe?”

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Dataset: U.S. Historical National Accounts, 1929-1947

This dataset provides improved measures of total factor productivity for the U.S private domestic economy and a 35-industry breakdown. For the period 1929-1947 it includes detailed estimates for output, employment, hours worked, labor quality, capital stocks,  Continue reading “Dataset: U.S. Historical National Accounts, 1929-1947”

Article: The Yankees of Europe?

A New View on Technology and Productivity in German Manufacturing in the Early Twentieth Century

ABSTRACT: Labor productivity in German manufacturing lagged persistently behind the United States in the early twentieth century. Traditionally, this is attributed to dichotomous technology paths across the Atlantic. Continue reading “Article: The Yankees of Europe?”

Working Paper: The Great Escape

Technological Lock-in vs Appropriate Technology in Early Twentieth Century
British Manufacturing

ABSTRACT: America’s lead over Europe in manufacturing productivity from the late nineteenth century onwards has often been contributed to differences in initial conditions, trapping Europe in a relatively declining, labor-intensive and low-productive technological path. In this paper, I reassess the productivity dynamics in British manufacturing Continue reading “Working Paper: The Great Escape”

Working Paper: A Comparison of Real Output and Productivity for British and American Manufacturing in 1935

ABSTRACT: The manufacturing productivity gap between the U.S. and the U.K. became much larger during the interwar period than existing estimates suggest. This paper presents a new estimate based on real value added and hours worked. Continue reading “Working Paper: A Comparison of Real Output and Productivity for British and American Manufacturing in 1935”

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