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Pieter (Jop) WOLTJER

Postdoc Economic History – University of Groningen

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Industry

Dataset: U.S. Historical National Accounts, 1929-1947

This dataset provides improved measures of total factor productivity for the U.S private domestic economy and a 35-industry breakdown. For the period 1929-1947 it includes detailed estimates for output, employment, hours worked, labor quality, capital stocks,  Continue reading “Dataset: U.S. Historical National Accounts, 1929-1947”

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Working Paper: Before she said “I do”

The Influence of Economic Structure and Demand for Labour on Dutch Unmarried Women’s Labour Force Participation during the Long Nineteenth Century

ABSTRACT: Extensive research has demonstrated that female labour force participation (FLFP) in Western Europe decreased during the second half of the nineteenth century. During this period, in the Netherlands, FLFP was even lower than in surrounding countries  Continue reading “Working Paper: Before she said “I do””

Article: The Yankees of Europe?

A New View on Technology and Productivity in German Manufacturing in the Early Twentieth Century

ABSTRACT: Labor productivity in German manufacturing lagged persistently behind the United States in the early twentieth century. Traditionally, this is attributed to dichotomous technology paths across the Atlantic. Continue reading “Article: The Yankees of Europe?”

Article: Taking Over

A New Appraisal of the Anglo-American Productivity Gap and the Nature of American Economic Leadership ca. 1910

ABSTRACT: This article re-examines how and when the USA closed the gap and ultimately overtook the UK in terms of both labour productivity and real income. On the basis of a set of sectoral productivity benchmarks for the year 1910 Continue reading “Article: Taking Over”

Working Paper: Taking Over

A New US/UK Productivity Benchmark and the Nature of American Economic
Leadership ca. 1910

ABSTRACT: This paper offers a direct industry-of-origin benchmark for the United States and the United Kingdom around 1910. The industry-of-origin approach allows for a disaggregation of international productivity differentials Continue reading “Working Paper: Taking Over”

Dissertation: The Roaring Thirties

Productivity Growth and Technological Change in Great Britain and the United States during the Early Twentieth Century

ABSTRACT: A recent study in American economic history has shown that the 1930s, though scarred by relentless unemployment, mass migration and profound social and cultural change, were far from gloomy in terms of technological and business innovation. In light of these dynamic productivity developments Continue reading “Dissertation: The Roaring Thirties”

Working Paper: The Great Escape

Technological Lock-in vs Appropriate Technology in Early Twentieth Century
British Manufacturing

ABSTRACT: America’s lead over Europe in manufacturing productivity from the late nineteenth century onwards has often been contributed to differences in initial conditions, trapping Europe in a relatively declining, labor-intensive and low-productive technological path. In this paper, I reassess the productivity dynamics in British manufacturing Continue reading “Working Paper: The Great Escape”

Article: Depression Dynamics

A New Estimate of the Anglo-American Manufacturing Productivity Gap in the Interwar Period

ABSTRACT: During the interwar period the manufacturing productivity gap between the US and the UK became much larger than existing estimates suggest. In this article a new comparison of US/UK productivity levels for 1935 is presented, utilizing a more rigorous Continue reading “Article: Depression Dynamics”

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