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Pieter (Jop) WOLTJER

Postdoc Economic History – University of Groningen

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Development

Working Paper: Jobs in Global Value Chains

New Evidence for Four African Countries in International Perspective

ABSTRACT: What is the potential for job growth in Africa under participation in global value chains (GVCs)? In this study the concept of GVC jobs is introduced which tracks the number of jobs associated with GVC production of goods. A novel decomposition approach is used to account for GVC jobs by three proximate sources: global demand for final goods, a country’s GVC competitiveness (measured as the country’s share in serving global demand) and technology (workers needed per unit of output).

Continue reading “Working Paper: Jobs in Global Value Chains”

Working Paper: The Economic Transformation Database

ABSTRACT: This note introduces the GGDC/UNU-WIDER Economic Transformation Database (ETD), which provides time series of employment and real and nominal value added by 12 sectors in 51 countries for the period 1990–2018. The ETD includes 20 Asian, 9 Latin American, 4 Middle-East and North African, and 18 sub-Saharan African countries at varying levels of economic development.

Continue reading “Working Paper: The Economic Transformation Database”

Chapter: Frontier Analysis

Frontier Analysis

ABSTRACT: A great deal of research in economics and business is devoted to the study of efficiency of individuals, organisations or entire economies. This chapter introduces a family of innovative techniques  Continue reading “Chapter: Frontier Analysis”

Column: An Economic Rationale for the West African Scramble?

The Commercial Transition and the Commodity Price Boom of 1835–1885

This paper uses a new trade dataset showing that sub-Saharan Africa experienced a terms of trade boom in the five decades (1835–1885) preceding the European “scramble for Africa” which was comparable to similar export booms in other parts  Continue reading “Column: An Economic Rationale for the West African Scramble?”

Article: An Introduction to the African Commodity Trade Database, 1730-2010

ABSTRACT: The African Commodity Trade Database (ACTD) aims to stimulate and deepen research on African and global economic history. The database provides export and import series at product level for more than two and a half centuries of African trade (1730-2010). Continue reading “Article: An Introduction to the African Commodity Trade Database, 1730-2010”

Dataset: African Commodity Trade Database

The African Commodity Trade Database (ACTD) aims to stimulate and deepen research on African and global economic history. The database provides export and import series at product level for more than two and a half centuries of African trade (1737-2010). Continue reading “Dataset: African Commodity Trade Database”

Article: An Economic Rationale for the West African Scramble?

The Commercial Transition and the Commodity Price Boom of 1835-85

ABSTRACT: We use a new trade dataset showing that nineteenth century Sub-Saharan Africa experienced a terms of trade boom comparable to other parts of the ‘global periphery’. A sharp rise in export prices in the five decades before the scramble (1835-1885) Continue reading “Article: An Economic Rationale for the West African Scramble?”

Column: An Economic Rationale for the African Scramble

The partitioning of Africa by European imperial powers in the late 19th century irreversibly transformed the long-term development trajectories of African economies. Yet, the motives for, and timing of, the scramble remain poorly understood. This column argues that the changes in African Continue reading “Column: An Economic Rationale for the African Scramble”

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