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Pieter (Jop) WOLTJER

Postdoc Economic History – University of Groningen

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1930s

Article: The Yankees of Europe?

A New View on Technology and Productivity in German Manufacturing in the Early Twentieth Century

ABSTRACT: Labor productivity in German manufacturing lagged persistently behind the United States in the early twentieth century. Traditionally, this is attributed to dichotomous technology paths across the Atlantic. Continue reading “Article: The Yankees of Europe?”

Dissertation: The Roaring Thirties

Productivity Growth and Technological Change in Great Britain and the United States during the Early Twentieth Century

ABSTRACT: A recent study in American economic history has shown that the 1930s, though scarred by relentless unemployment, mass migration and profound social and cultural change, were far from gloomy in terms of technological and business innovation. In light of these dynamic productivity developments Continue reading “Dissertation: The Roaring Thirties”

Column: The Roaring Thirties [dutch]

De Lessen van de jaren dertig

De crisis die de wereldeconomie in 2008 trof stond op gelijke voet met datgene wat de Grote Depressie van de jaren dertig inleidde. In de 12 maanden na de economische piek van 2008 daalde de industriële productie net zoveel als gedurende het eerste jaar van de Grote Depressie. De aandelenkoersen en de wereldhandel daalden zelfs meer. Toch lijkt het erop dat een echte depressie deze keer is vermeden. Continue reading “Column: The Roaring Thirties [dutch]”

Working Paper: The Great Escape

Technological Lock-in vs Appropriate Technology in Early Twentieth Century
British Manufacturing

ABSTRACT: America’s lead over Europe in manufacturing productivity from the late nineteenth century onwards has often been contributed to differences in initial conditions, trapping Europe in a relatively declining, labor-intensive and low-productive technological path. In this paper, I reassess the productivity dynamics in British manufacturing Continue reading “Working Paper: The Great Escape”

Article: Depression Dynamics

A New Estimate of the Anglo-American Manufacturing Productivity Gap in the Interwar Period

ABSTRACT: During the interwar period the manufacturing productivity gap between the US and the UK became much larger than existing estimates suggest. In this article a new comparison of US/UK productivity levels for 1935 is presented, utilizing a more rigorous Continue reading “Article: Depression Dynamics”

Working Paper: A Comparison of Real Output and Productivity for British and American Manufacturing in 1935

ABSTRACT: The manufacturing productivity gap between the U.S. and the U.K. became much larger during the interwar period than existing estimates suggest. This paper presents a new estimate based on real value added and hours worked. Continue reading “Working Paper: A Comparison of Real Output and Productivity for British and American Manufacturing in 1935”

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