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Pieter (Jop) WOLTJER

Postdoc Economic History – University of Groningen

Working Paper: An Economic Rationale for the African Scramble

The Commercial Transition and the Commodity Price Boom of 1845-1885

ABSTRACT: This is the first study to present a unified quantitative account of African commodity trade in the long 19th century from the zenith of the Atlantic slave trade (1790s) to the eve of World War II (1939). Drawing evidence from a new dataset Continue reading “Working Paper: An Economic Rationale for the African Scramble”

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Article: Taking Over

A New Appraisal of the Anglo-American Productivity Gap and the Nature of American Economic Leadership ca. 1910

ABSTRACT: This article re-examines how and when the USA closed the gap and ultimately overtook the UK in terms of both labour productivity and real income. On the basis of a set of sectoral productivity benchmarks for the year 1910 Continue reading “Article: Taking Over”

Article: Changing Economic Leadership

A New Benchmark of Sector Productivity in the United States and Western Europe, ca. 1910

ABSTRACT: The debate concerning the exact timing and causes of changes in economic leadership constitutes one of the central themes in economic history. This study aims to improve the measurement of economic performance in the United States and Western Europe Continue reading “Article: Changing Economic Leadership”

Working Paper: Taking Over

A New US/UK Productivity Benchmark and the Nature of American Economic
Leadership ca. 1910

ABSTRACT: This paper offers a direct industry-of-origin benchmark for the United States and the United Kingdom around 1910. The industry-of-origin approach allows for a disaggregation of international productivity differentials Continue reading “Working Paper: Taking Over”

Dissertation: The Roaring Thirties

Productivity Growth and Technological Change in Great Britain and the United States during the Early Twentieth Century

ABSTRACT: A recent study in American economic history has shown that the 1930s, though scarred by relentless unemployment, mass migration and profound social and cultural change, were far from gloomy in terms of technological and business innovation. In light of these dynamic productivity developments Continue reading “Dissertation: The Roaring Thirties”

Column: The Roaring Thirties [dutch]

De Lessen van de jaren dertig

De crisis die de wereldeconomie in 2008 trof stond op gelijke voet met datgene wat de Grote Depressie van de jaren dertig inleidde. In de 12 maanden na de economische piek van 2008 daalde de industriële productie net zoveel als gedurende het eerste jaar van de Grote Depressie. De aandelenkoersen en de wereldhandel daalden zelfs meer. Toch lijkt het erop dat een echte depressie deze keer is vermeden. Continue reading “Column: The Roaring Thirties [dutch]”

Working Paper: The Great Escape

Technological Lock-in vs Appropriate Technology in Early Twentieth Century
British Manufacturing

ABSTRACT: America’s lead over Europe in manufacturing productivity from the late nineteenth century onwards has often been contributed to differences in initial conditions, trapping Europe in a relatively declining, labor-intensive and low-productive technological path. In this paper, I reassess the productivity dynamics in British manufacturing Continue reading “Working Paper: The Great Escape”

Article: Depression Dynamics

A New Estimate of the Anglo-American Manufacturing Productivity Gap in the Interwar Period

ABSTRACT: During the interwar period the manufacturing productivity gap between the US and the UK became much larger than existing estimates suggest. In this article a new comparison of US/UK productivity levels for 1935 is presented, utilizing a more rigorous Continue reading “Article: Depression Dynamics”

Working Paper: Comparing Productivity in the Netherlands, France, UK and US, ca. 1910

A New PPP Benchmark and its Implications for Changing Economic Leadership

ABSTRACT: This paper presents a new benchmark of output and relative prices (PPPs) for agriculture, mining and five manufacturing branches in the US, UK, France and the Netherlands around 1910. Continue reading “Working Paper: Comparing Productivity in the Netherlands, France, UK and US, ca. 1910”

Working Paper: A Comparison of Real Output and Productivity for British and American Manufacturing in 1935

ABSTRACT: The manufacturing productivity gap between the U.S. and the U.K. became much larger during the interwar period than existing estimates suggest. This paper presents a new estimate based on real value added and hours worked. Continue reading “Working Paper: A Comparison of Real Output and Productivity for British and American Manufacturing in 1935”

Working Paper: A Dataset on Comparative Historical National Accounts

Ca. 1870-1950, A Time-Series Perspective

ABSTRACT: This paper accompanies the Historical National Accounts datahub which presents an overview of the currently available studies on long-term economic growth across countries. Continue reading “Working Paper: A Dataset on Comparative Historical National Accounts”

Working Paper: The EU KLEMS Productivity Report

Issue 2

ABSTRACT: This report presents the second description of results obtained from the first release of the EU KLEMS Growth and Productivity Accounts, which have been released in March 2008. Continue reading “Working Paper: The EU KLEMS Productivity Report”

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