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Pieter (Jop) WOLTJER

Postdoc Economic History – University of Groningen

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Articles

Article: An Economic Rationale for the West African Scramble?

The Commercial Transition and the Commodity Price Boom of 1835-85

ABSTRACT: We use a new trade dataset showing that nineteenth century Sub-Saharan Africa experienced a terms of trade boom comparable to other parts of the ‘global periphery’. A sharp rise in export prices in the five decades before the scramble (1835-1885) Continue reading “Article: An Economic Rationale for the West African Scramble?”

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Article: The Yankees of Europe?

A New View on Technology and Productivity in German Manufacturing in the Early Twentieth Century

ABSTRACT: Labor productivity in German manufacturing lagged persistently behind the United States in the early twentieth century. Traditionally, this is attributed to dichotomous technology paths across the Atlantic. Continue reading “Article: The Yankees of Europe?”

Article: Taking Over

A New Appraisal of the Anglo-American Productivity Gap and the Nature of American Economic Leadership ca. 1910

ABSTRACT: This article re-examines how and when the USA closed the gap and ultimately overtook the UK in terms of both labour productivity and real income. On the basis of a set of sectoral productivity benchmarks for the year 1910 Continue reading “Article: Taking Over”

Article: Changing Economic Leadership

A New Benchmark of Sector Productivity in the United States and Western Europe, ca. 1910

ABSTRACT: The debate concerning the exact timing and causes of changes in economic leadership constitutes one of the central themes in economic history. This study aims to improve the measurement of economic performance in the United States and Western Europe Continue reading “Article: Changing Economic Leadership”

Dissertation: The Roaring Thirties

Productivity Growth and Technological Change in Great Britain and the United States during the Early Twentieth Century

ABSTRACT: A recent study in American economic history has shown that the 1930s, though scarred by relentless unemployment, mass migration and profound social and cultural change, were far from gloomy in terms of technological and business innovation. In light of these dynamic productivity developments Continue reading “Dissertation: The Roaring Thirties”

Article: Depression Dynamics

A New Estimate of the Anglo-American Manufacturing Productivity Gap in the Interwar Period

ABSTRACT: During the interwar period the manufacturing productivity gap between the US and the UK became much larger than existing estimates suggest. In this article a new comparison of US/UK productivity levels for 1935 is presented, utilizing a more rigorous Continue reading “Article: Depression Dynamics”

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